Why The Agreements Of Yalta Dissolved Into The Disagreements Of Potsdam

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At that time, the Soviet army occupied Poland entirely and held much of Eastern Europe with a military power three times greater than the Allied forces of the West. [Citation required] The declaration of the liberated Europe has little to do to dispel the sphere of influence of the agreements that had been incorporated into ceasefire agreements. Despite many disagreements, Allied leaders managed to reach some agreements in Potsdam. Negotiators thus confirmed the status of Germany demilitarized and disarmed among the four zones of the Allied occupation. According to the protocol of the conference, there should be “complete disarmament and demilitarization of Germany”; all aspects of German industry that could be used for military purposes should be removed; all German military and paramilitary forces should be eliminated; and the manufacture of all military equipment in Germany was prohibited. In addition, German society should be redeveloped by the repeal of all discriminatory laws of the Nazi era and by the arrest and trial of Germans considered “war criminals” on the democratic model. The German education and judicial system should be purged of all authoritarian influence and democratic political parties would be encouraged to participate in the management of Germany at the local and national levels. However, the re-establishment of a German national government was postponed indefinitely and the Allied Control Commission (composed of four occupying powers, the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union) would rule the country during the interregnum. In Potsdam, little real progress has been made, beyond an agreement on fulfilling the commitments made in Yalta. The Potsdam conference was held from July to August 1945, which was also attended by Clement Attlee (who had replaced Churchill as Prime Minister) and President Harry S Truman (who represented the United States after Roosevelt`s death). [39] In Potsdam, the Soviets disputed allegations that they had interfered in the affairs of Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary. [34] The conference led to (1) Potsdam`s declaration on Japan`s surrender[40] and (2) the Potsdam Agreement on the Soviet annexation of the former Polish territory to the curzon Line and provisions that will be addressed in a possible final treaty to end the Second World War on the annexation of parts of Germany east of the Oder-Neisse line to Poland.

and North-East Prussia to the Soviet Union. One of the most controversial topics of the Potsdam conference was the revision of the German-Soviet-Polish borders and the expulsion of millions of Germans from the disputed territories. In exchange for the territory it lost after the rebalancing of the Soviet-Polish border to the Soviet Union, Poland received much of German territory and began deporting German residents from the territories concerned, as well as other nations that held large German minorities. The Negotiators in Potsdam were well aware of the situation and, although the British and Americans feared that a mass exodus of Germans to Western areas of occupation would destabilize them, they merely stated that “all transfers that take place should be done in an orderly and humane manner” and asked the Poles, Czechs and Hungary to temporarily suspend the additional deportations.