Russell pointed out that the use of footnotes by UN agencies reflects a position that has not changed since 1999. And its footnote differs from the footnote negotiated in Brussels, since it only concerns UN Security Council Resolution 1244 and not the opinion of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on Kosovo`s declaration of independence. Gllareva sees alternatives as a victory on the footnote. “As long as we`re represented in the same way, that`s all that matters,” he said. But what are the practical advantages of this agreement? As noted above, the agreement has enabled Kosovo to participate under its own name (but without the word “Republic”) in different regional forums and to participate in various initiatives such as CEFTA, the Regional Cooperation Council (GCC), the Brdo Brijuni process and, finally, the Berlin process and the resulting programmes: the Regional Bureau for Youth Cooperation (RYCO), the transport community, western Balkans 6 Chamber Investment Forum, etc. The very title of the agreement is misleading: it would be about “normalizing relations,” but the first twelve points of the agreement are more about the government of the Serb-controlled northern region of Kosovo. There is only one point in bilateral relations, and it is simply said that neither side will block the progress of the others towards the EU. But that won`t happen. The key EU states want to put an end to the Kosovo issue once and for all. The most recent agreement is an improvement over the previous situation. But that`s not enough. It seems likely that additional pressure will be exerted on Belgrade to overtake Kosovo* and accept Kosovo as a fully sovereign state. In this respect, the EU has its own leverage.
While Serbia`s candidacy is certainly important, it is the start of effective accession negotiations that really matters. It seems very likely that Serbia will be expected to present concrete proposals to resolve the outstanding issues as soon as the next parliamentary elections, which are due to take place in May, have been abolished. Kosovo will also benefit. It was essential to find a way to enable him to participate in regional meetings. More importantly, given that five members of the European Union still refuse to recognise Kosovo`s unilateral declaration of independence from Serbia, this name will continue to be used by the EU in its relations with Pristina. This paves the way for Kosovo to establish formal relations with the European Union. The first real benefits have already been seen, as the five members who did not recognise Kosovo agreed to allow a feasibility study for a Stabilisation and Association Agreement to be carried out. This is a big step forward. A mission of 1,800 to 1,900 men was approved by the European Council on 14 December 2007.
This was then increased to 2,000 people due to the expected increase in instability due to the lack of an agreement with Serbia.  It consists of police officers (including four anti-insurgency units), prosecutors and judges – and therefore focuses on issues relating to the rule of law, including democratic standards. . . .