The WTO has broadened its perspective on rules of origin. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), replaced by the WTO, required that rules of origin be transparent and managed in a consistent, uniform, impartial and reasonable manner. The WTO has sought to clarify these restrictions and harmonize rules between countries on the basis of the Agreement on Rules of Origin adopted by the GATT in 1994. Rules of origin can also be used to interpret laws that govern labelling requirements, such as .B. “Made in… » Stickers and assistance in the production of bilateral trade statistics. The ROO Agreement contains important disciplines for the implementation of preferential and non-preferential regimes of origin, such as. B the obligation to grant binding origin schemes to economic operators on request within 150 days of that request. In addition to defining disciplines related to the management of rules of origin, the ROO Agreement provides for a work programme that will lead to the multilateral harmonisation of rules of origin applicable to non-preferential trade. (b) provide information and advice on all matters relating to the determination of the origin of the goods, as requested by a member or the Committee; Unregulated transactions: a provision that lists transactions that do not give origin. They are considered below the threshold of sufficient production/processing. The WTO Agreement on Rules of Origin (ROO) aims to increase transparency, predictability and consistency in both the development and application of rules of origin.
This method takes into account the degree of manufacture or processing in a country by calculating the value it adds to the products. If the value added reaches a certain threshold, expressed as a percentage, production or processing is considered essential or sufficient, so that the goods can acquire originating status in the country where production or processing takes place. A rule based on the value-added requirement may be expressed in one of the following tests: (a) they apply the rules of origin in the same way for all the purposes referred to in Article 1; To take an example, in Vietnam, goods exported to an importing country under a non-preferential regime may require a non-preferential certificate of origin, certified by the Vietnamese Chamber of Commerce and Industry. The Chamber is also competent to issue a Certificate of Preferential Origin Form A when the goods are exported to a GSP granting country. However, if the goods are traded under a free trade agreement, the issuing authority is a local import and export management office, which reports directly to the Ministry of Industry and Trade. .