The effects of climate change in poor and developing countries also pose a growing terrorist threat to the United States – a link President Obama has established in the past by calling global warming an “economic and security imperative” just weeks after the November 13 attacks in Paris. If global warming exceeds 1.5 degrees Celsius, the poorest and weakest countries will suffer the consequences first. These countries, such as Indonesia or Bangladesh, do not have the power to direct negotiations to their advantage and will bear the main burden of pollution caused by industrialized countries. The world`s major economies will willingly sacrifice them to the gods of polluting capital. But even during these summits, Belgium and Germany were described as “bad” in the report. “It is very clear these days that Germany has gone from the world champion of climate protection to the third league,” says Hermann Ott of the Confederation of Nature. At EU level, Germany has publicly called for more ambitious climate ambitions, while relegating its ambitions to the negotiations behind the scenes, notes LA CAN. Germany recently admitted that it had not met its 2020 climate targets, including emissions reduction and energy efficiency. And while Angela Merkel has set up a committee to examine how Germany can get out of coal, progress in this regard has been slow. And while countries have had two and a half years to develop a local policy to help them achieve their goals, few have done so. A ranking published on Monday by the environmental group Climate Action Network shows that this is also the case in Europe, the world leader in the fight against climate change. Historically, global climate agreements have had their greatest impact on CO2 emission permit markets and the energy sector, including the competing wealth of coal and renewable energy.
Sweden has taken first place among EU countries, both because of its internal climate protection and because of its diplomatic action which has led to a more ambitious climate policy at EU level. Sweden is on track to meet its national climate and energy targets for 2020 and has a significant share of renewable energy in its energy mix. It has set national emission reduction targets that go beyond EU requirements. They were classified in four areas: greenhouse gas emissions, the share of renewable energy in energy, per capita energy consumption and electricity and climate policy. The agreement makes nations responsible for declaring their progress in their climate goals in a global “state of play” every five years from 2023. It also means that countries will monitor, verify and report their greenhouse gas emissions in a single accounting system. However, the Paris climate agreement has made many developing countries happy. At the opening of the Petersberg forum in Berlin this morning, Federal Environment Minister Svenja Schulze acknowledged the problems. “It is bitter for me to admit that Germany will not meet the target we have set for 2020,” she said. “Germany`s goal has always been to be at the forefront of international climate policy.” As a coal country, Poland will host the COP24 climate summit in 2018 to achieve this goal, the signatory countries promised, that they would focus on growing clean and renewable energy sources and that they would be cut off from the use of fossil fuels. They must also report every five years on their progress in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. A Paris agreement will almost certainly lead to a spike in demand for coal in the world`s largest fuel consumption at some point in the next decade, with negative repercussions on coal prices much earlier, due to slower demand growth.